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  • Apoorv Dua

Arthritis in Knee: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Arthritis is a prevalent medical condition that affects millions of people worldwide, causing pain, inflammation, and reduced mobility in various joints throughout the body. One of the most common locations for arthritis to strike is the knee joint. Knee arthritis can be debilitating, significantly impacting a person's quality of life. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for knee arthritis discovered by Dr. Apoorv Dua renowned as the best orthopaedic surgeon in South Delhi to better understand this condition and how to manage it effectively.

Knee Arthritis treatment in south delhi

Symptoms of Knee Arthritis

Knee arthritis can manifest through a range of symptoms, which may vary in severity from person to person. Some common signs and symptoms include:

  • Pain: Pain is often the most noticeable symptom of knee arthritis. The pain is typically localized to the knee joint and may be constant or intermittent. It can range from mild discomfort to severe, debilitating pain.

  • Swelling: Inflammation in the knee joint is a common response to arthritis. Swelling can make the knee appear larger than usual and can contribute to stiffness and discomfort.

  • Stiffness: People with knee arthritis often experience stiffness, especially in the morning or after periods of inactivity. This can limit the range of motion in the knee joint, making it difficult to bend or straighten the leg fully.

  • Crepitus: Crepitus is a sensation of grating, crackling, or popping in the knee joint when it is moved. It occurs due to the roughening of the joint surfaces caused by arthritis. This is one of the most ignored symptoms says best arthritis specialists in South Delhi. 

  • Decreased Range of Motion: Arthritis can limit the knee's ability to move smoothly. Over time, this can lead to a decreased range of motion and difficulty in performing everyday activities.

  • Instability: Some individuals with knee arthritis may experience a feeling of instability in the knee as if it might give way or buckle.

  • Deformities: In advanced cases of knee arthritis, the joint may become deformed. This can lead to visible changes in the knee's shape, such as bowlegs or knock-knees.

Causes of Knee Arthritis

Understanding the underlying causes of knee arthritis is crucial for effective treatment. Several factors can contribute to the development of knee arthritis:

  • Age: Aging is a significant risk factor for knee arthritis. As we get older, the cartilage in our joints naturally begins to wear down, making the knee joint more susceptible to arthritis.

  • Genetics: Genetic factors can play a role in the development of knee arthritis. If you have a family history of arthritis, you may be at a higher risk.

  • Obesity: Excess weight places additional stress on the knee joints, accelerating the wear and tear of cartilage. This makes obesity a significant risk factor for knee arthritis.

  • Injuries: Traumatic injuries to the knee, such as fractures, ligament tears, or meniscus damage, can increase the risk of developing arthritis in the affected joint.

  • Inflammatory Conditions: Certain inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout, can lead to knee arthritis.

  • Overuse: Repetitive stress on the knee joint, often seen in individuals with jobs or activities that involve frequent kneeling or squatting, can contribute to the development of arthritis.

Treatment Options for Knee Arthritis

While there is currently no cure for knee arthritis, various treatment options can help manage its symptoms and improve the patient's quality of life:

  • Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with knee arthritis. In more severe cases, prescription medications or corticosteroid injections may be necessary.

  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can be highly effective in improving knee joint strength, flexibility, and function. A trained therapist can create a personalized exercise plan to help manage symptoms.

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Weight management is crucial for individuals with knee arthritis, as excess weight puts added strain on the joints. Maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular exercise can help reduce symptoms.

  • Assistive Devices: The use of assistive devices like knee braces or orthopaedic shoe inserts can provide additional support and alleviate pain.

  • Injections: Hyaluronic acid injections can provide temporary relief by lubricating the knee joint and reducing friction. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stem cell therapy are also emerging options for managing knee arthritis.

  • Surgery: In severe cases when conservative treatments are ineffective, surgical options may be considered. These can include arthroscopy, where damaged tissue is removed, or joint replacement surgery, where the damaged joint is replaced with an artificial one. Also, arthritis treatment in South Delhi has become apparent. 

  • Alternative Therapies: Some individuals find relief from knee arthritis symptoms through alternative therapies such as acupuncture, chiropractic care, or dietary supplements. However, the effectiveness of these treatments can vary, and it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional before pursuing them.


In conclusion, knee arthritis is a prevalent condition that can significantly impact an individual's daily life. Recognizing the symptoms and understanding the causes are critical steps in managing this condition effectively. While there is no cure, various treatment options are available to help alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and improve joint function. If you suspect you have knee arthritis, consult with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs, allowing you to regain mobility and enjoy a better quality of life.


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