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Pain in Your Joints? Know All About Arthritis.

Arthritis is a term that encompasses a group of conditions characterized by inflammation of the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. It affects millions of people worldwide, and its impact can range from mild discomfort to severe disability. In this article, we will delve into what arthritis is and explore its various types, shedding light on the diverse nature of this condition.

arthritis treatment in south delhi

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis, derived from the Greek words "arthro" (joint) and "itis" (inflammation), is a general term that describes inflammation in one or more joints. It is not a single disease but rather a category that includes over 100 different types of joint disorders. Arthritis can affect people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds, and it remains one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Lately, arthritis treatment in South Delhi has become prominently famous and Dr Apoorv Dua is the most trusted orthopaedic surgeon in South Delhi known for his minimally invasive techniques

Types of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA)

Osteoarthritis, often referred to as degenerative joint disease or "wear-and-tear" arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis. It primarily affects the cartilage, the smooth, protective tissue that covers the ends of bones within a joint. Over time, the cartilage wears down, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced joint mobility. OA often develops in weight-bearing joints like the knees, hips, and spine, but it can affect any joint in the body.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease characterized by the immune system mistakenly attacking the synovium—the lining of the membranes that surround the joints. This leads to inflammation, pain, and joint damage. Unlike OA, RA typically affects multiple joints simultaneously and can also involve other organs and systems in the body. According to the best joint replacement surgeons in South Delhi, early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial in managing RA to prevent severe joint damage.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that occurs in some people with psoriasis, a chronic skin condition. It can affect the skin, nails, and joints. Symptoms include joint pain, swelling, and skin manifestations such as scaly, red patches. Psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint, including the spine, and may cause joint deformities if left untreated.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis primarily affects the spine, causing inflammation and pain that can lead to the fusion of the spinal vertebrae. This fusion can result in a stooped posture and reduced flexibility in the spine. It often begins in the lower back and pelvis and can gradually involve other joints, such as the hips and shoulders. Ankylosing spondylitis is more common in men than in women.


A gout is a form of arthritis characterized by the sudden onset of intense pain, swelling, and redness in a joint, often the big toe. It is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints and is often associated with dietary factors, genetics, and other medical conditions. Gout can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a group of arthritic conditions that affect children and adolescents under the age of 16. There are several subtypes of JIA, each with its own characteristics. Symptoms may include joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to prevent long-term joint damage and disability in children with JIA.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Systemic lupus erythematosus, often referred to as lupus, is an autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organs and systems in the body, including the joints. Joint pain and swelling are common symptoms of lupus, and the disease can cause inflammation in various joints throughout the body. Lupus is known for its unpredictable flares and remissions.


While not a type of arthritis, osteoporosis is a condition closely related to bone health. It involves the gradual weakening of bones, making them fragile and susceptible to fractures. Osteoporosis can lead to joint pain and mobility issues as a result of fractures. It is more common in postmenopausal women and older adults. In this regard, you can reach out to Dr Apoorv Dua who is the best orthopaedic surgeon in South Delhi. 


Arthritis is a complex and diverse group of conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. Each type of arthritis has its unique characteristics and can vary widely in terms of symptoms and severity. Understanding the different types of arthritis is crucial for early diagnosis and effective management. If you or someone you know is experiencing joint pain or stiffness, seeking medical evaluation and guidance is essential for better quality of life and improved joint health. Advances in research and treatment options continue to offer hope for individuals living with arthritis, to minimize pain and maximize function.


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